EVOLUSI WACANA POLITIK DALAM INTERNET MEME

Adi Bayu Mahadian, Mohamad Syahriar Sugandi, Arie Prasetio

Abstract

Meme menjadi sarana ekspresi politik yang populer di Indonesia. Namun, keberadaannya dianggap menimbulkan masalah bagi pemerintah. Meme yang berisi wacana “Jokowi Kader PKI” menjadi salah satu meme yang diproduksi, disirkulasikan, dan diperbincangkan dalam kurun waktu yang cukup lama. Penelitian ini mempelajari bagaimana wacana politik dalam bentuk meme berevolusi dan perannya dalam memperbincangkan isu “Jokowi Kader PKI”. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah semiotik sosial dan dibantu dengan teori-teori humor yang digunakan untuk membaca makna wacana dalam evolusi wacana dan perannya pada struktur pesan yang berbentuk meme. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa meme menjadi pembawa wacana yang berkompetisi dengan wacana lainnya. Sebuah wacana dalam bentuk meme berevolusi melalui tindak mimetik dalam kategori meme wacana utama, meme wacana peneguh, dan meme wacana pendukung. Selain itu, kategori tersebut menjadi dasar tindak stereotyping dalam bentuk satir.


Keywords


meme, wacana, politik, evolusi wacana


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31445/jskm.2019.1720

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