PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN MEDIA SOSIAL FACEBOOK DAN DUKUNGAN SOSIAL ONLINE TERHADAP PERILAKU PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU

Wichitra Yasya, Pudji Muljono, Kudang Boro Seminar, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah

Abstract

Pemberian Air Susu Ibu (ASI) diketahui memberikan dampak positif pada kesehatan ibu dan anak sehingga dapat menunjang pembangunan dalam hal menciptakan sumber daya manusia yang sehat dan berkualitas tinggi. Namun, cakupan pemberian ASI di Indonesia belum sesuai target. Dukungan sosial yang diperoleh ibu dalam upayanya untuk menyusui adalah salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi keberhasilan pemberian ASI. Seiring kemajuan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi, dukungan sosial tidak hanya didapat dari lingkungan sekitar, tetapi bisa diperoleh online melalui media sosial, seperti Facebook. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh penggunaan Facebook dan dukungan sosial online dengan perilaku pemberian ASI. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan metode purposive sampling, yaitu pada anggota group Facebook Asosiasi Ibu Menyusui Indonesia. Metode analisis data menggunakan path analysis atau Analisis Jalur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh tidak langsung positif dari penggunaan Facebook terhadap perilaku pemberian ASI yang dimediasi oleh variabel dukungan sosial online, sedangkan karakteristik ibu dan dukungan lingkungan tidak berpengaruh pada penggunaan Facebook maupun dukungan sosial online. Dengan demikian, dapat disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan Facebook bagi ibu menyusui yang efektif untuk meningkatkan kepatuhan perilaku pemberian ASI adalah jika Facebook digunakan untuk memperoleh dukungan sosial online.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31445/jskm.2019.1942

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